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[Hunan Daily] Chen Xiaohong, Member of National Committee of CPPCC Appeals to Perfect the Charging System of Urban Garbage Classification and Disposal

2018-05-16 16:28:36

[Viewpoints]

The accelerated improvement of urban garbage classification and disposal charging system is of great importance to speed up the domestic garbage classification and disposal steps and improve the ecological environment in cities.

[Background]

Since National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China released Implementation Scheme of Domestic Garbage Classification System in Mar. 2017, 46 pilot cities have launched the garbage classification work, 12 cities have laid down the local laws or government regulations about garbage classification and 24 cities have introduced garbage classification plans. In spite of the certain experience,Chinais still faced with many barriers, such as, imperfect system, unscientific charging standard, unclear taxation operators and bad environmental-protection consciousness of the public. Comparatively,Germany,Japan, British andTaiwanhave established the mature urban garbage disposal charging system at present. Most countries adopt the metering system in charging mode; set up the special payment card (British) and online bank transfer (Germany, Japan) in the charging means; take the following punishment measures for the units and individuals who fail to pay the garbage expenses within the time limit, such as, water break, power failure, penalty, publicity, etc. (Japan and Singapore).

[Suggestions]

Chen Xiaohong suggested perfecting the urban garbage classification and disposal charging system in steps, at different levels and with specific targets. In consideration of the foreign advanced experience,Chinashall select several ecological or key cities from 46 pilot cities to carry out the foregoing system in advance, starting from business district and central urban area. I. Perfect the construction of garbage classification system, lay down the perfect supporting policy and cultivate the environmental protection consciousness of the public; II. Optimize the related charging measures, make the taxation operators clear and give aid to the garbage classification and disposal industry chain; III. Establish the staged charging mechanism, perfect the accountability system and push forward the sustainable development of garbage classification and disposal charging system. 

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